Osman II (Genc Osman): 25th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Overview

Osman II, commonly known as Genç Osman, was the Ottoman Empire's 25th Sultan. He ascended to the kingdom as a 14-year-old lively and intellectual child, and during his brief reign. He saw the necessity for empire-wide reform. He was both ambitious and brave. Osman launched a military offensive against Poland. Moldavia and Walachia, two Ottoman vassal principalities, had been affected. Recognizing that his failure at Chocim in 1621 was partly due to the Janissary corps' lack of discipline and degeneracy. He then proceeded to punish them by slashing their salaries and shutting down their coffee businesses. He then stated his intention to make a trip to Mecca. However, his true goal was to raise a new army in Egypt and Syria to depose the Janissaries. The Janissaries revolted when they learned of this idea and were already enraged by Osman's prior policies. On 19 May 1622, they deposed Osman and strangled him the next day.

Osman III

25th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Sovereignty

From 13 December 1754 to 30 October 1757

Ancestor

Mahmud I

Inheritor

Mustafa III

Born

On 2 January 1699

Died

On 30 October 1757, at the age of 58 years old

Committal

Tomb of Turhan Sultan, New Mosque, Istanbul

Wives

  • Leyla Kadın
  • Zevki Kadın
  • Ferhunde Emine Kadın

Dynasty

Ottoman

Father

Mustafa II

Mother

Şehsuvar Sultan

Religion

Sunni Islam

Early Life

Osman III was born in the Edirne Palace on 2 January 1699. Mustafa II was his father, and Şehsuvar Sultan was his mother. He was Mahmud I's younger half-brother. His father was overthrown from the kingdom in 1703 and returned to Istanbul, imprisoned in the Kafes. Osman III spent 51 years in the Kafes. On 17 April 1705, he was circumcised in secret with the other prince's present. He was one of Ahmed's entourage's princes. Later, he visited the Sultan both within and outside the city. On 1 October 1730, he became the biggest prince waiting for the throne and his elder brother Mahmud's embassy.

Sovereignty

Osman III spent the majority of his life in the palace as a prisoner. As a result, when he ascended to the throne, he displayed some odd behaviour. He despised music, and all musicians were expelled from the palace, unlike previous sultans. Osman III was a furious and modest ruler, according to Baron de Tott. The first task for Osman III was to select government personnel with whom he would collaborate. During his reign, he made adjustments to high-level government tasks, particularly Grand Vizier, to diminish the benevolent authority's overbearing influence during the previous Sultan's rule. An Egyptian ship ran ashore in Kumkapı at dusk during a heavy storm in March 1756. Due to the storm, 600 passengers could not be evacuated. By bringing barges from the shipyard, the Sultan who arrived on the shore could transport all of the passengers. To avert such accidents, he authorized the construction of the Ahırkapı Lighthouse in Istanbul. On 14 December 1754, he was crowned for the first time in a procession. Because of the bitterly cold weather in January 1755, historians did not record happenings in the empire. In 1757, Osman issued a firman that guaranteed the status quo at numerous Holy Land sites for Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Osman's mother died in the second year of his rule. She was in touch with his spirituality. After that, on 22 December 1756, the oldest prince, Mehmed, died of sickness. According to several versions, the quarry, grand vizier, and sheikh al-Islam were in charge of the prince's funeral. A total of 5,000 persons attended the funeral. According to certain contemporary records, the prince was poisoned and killed at the request of Köse Mustafa Pasha. During this time, food was transported to Anatolia and Rumelia to combat banditry, particularly the movement of headless beams. These topics piqued the Sultan's interest as well. The tribes of Bozulus and Cihanbeyli were subjected to several restrictions. The latter was apprehended and put to death. On 5 December 1755, his head was transported to Istanbul.

Architecture

Nuruosmaniye Mosque is one of Osman's most notable works. The Nuruosmaniye Complex, also known as Osmaniye, comprises three schools: madrasahs, a factory, a library, a mausoleum, a temporary chamber, a mesh house, a fountain, an inn, and stores when it was built during Mahmud I's rule. In 1755-56, Osman developed a new neighbourhood that included the Üsküdar Palace and Garden and residences and stores. He also constructed the İhsaniye Mosque and its masjids, which are still standing today. In 1755-56, Osman III erected a fountain in his honour. Unfortunately, it was demolished 122 years after it was built.

Death

On the night of 30 October 1757, Osman III died. A ceremony was held early in the morning, and his cousin Mustafa III was installed on the throne. Osman was ordered to be buried in the Next Mosque Mausoleum rather than Nuruosmaniye by the new Sultan.

In Popular Culture

"Lions In A Cage" is a song written about him by the Turkish metal band "Pentagram."

Last updated: 2021-October-19
Tags: Ottoman Empire
Share this Article
Facebook Google+ Twitter