Cybercrime refers to online criminal activity that makes use of computers. A skilled computer user, sometimes called a "hacker," commits this act of cybercrime by illegally accessing, stealing, and then using the data of a business or an individual for malicious ends. There is always the chance that this person or group will become bad and engage in file destruction and corruption. There are a number of names for the crime that occurs on computers: cybercrime, hi-tech crime, or electronic crime. The computer is the primary means of global communication, and as such, it can be used as a means of stealing information for malicious purposes.
A cybercriminal is a person who uses his technological expertise to commit cybercrimes, which are malicious acts and illegal activities. They may be either individuals or groups. Cybercriminals are abundant on the so-called "Dark Web," where they mostly Cybercriminals can be individuals who are trading in illegal online content or scammers or even drug dealers. So here are some examples of cybercriminals:
Cybercriminals who conduct targeted attacks are better to be named Threat Actors.
Cybercrimes in general can be classified into four categories:
Individual Cyber Crimes:
This type is targeting individuals. It includes phishing, spoofing, spam, cyberstalking, and more.
Organization Cyber Crimes:
The main target here is organizations. Usually, this type of crime is done by teams of criminals including malware attacks and denial of service attacks.
This type targets property like credit cards or even intellectual property rights.
This is the most dangerous form of cybercrime as it includes cyber-terrorism.
"Computer crime" refers to criminal activity involving an information technology infrastructure, such as illegal access, illegal interception (by technical means of non-public transmissions of computer data to, from or within a computer system), data interference (unauthorized damaging, deletion, deterioration, alteration or suppression of computer data), and systems interference (interfering with the functioning of a computer system).
Criminals may use the Internet for numerous purposes, including:
Typically, a person conducts a cybercrime with the intent of gaining material benefits. Some persons are driven to try stealing through computer crimes by their own greed or by their own despair. Moreover, some persons may commit a cybercrime because they are coerced or coerced by another person to do so. The commission of computer crimes is sometimes seen as a means of demonstration by some. If a person is able to commit a computer crime, they may feel accomplished and proud of themselves. Sometimes referred to as "black hat hackers," these individuals enjoy wreaking havoc on the lives of others.
Sometimes people commit crimes online just because they're bored. They're bored and don't care if they break the law to get their hands on some action.
Below is a list of the different types of computer crimes today. Clicking any of the links gives further information about each crime.
In the information age, computers and information systems are everywhere. It includes power supply, fresh water supply, public transportation, communications networks, etc., for all business operations. Criminal damages to these systems are more damaging than traditional crimes.
Use Strong Passwords
Use a different user name and password for each account, and don't write them down. Make the passwords harder to guess by putting together letters, numbers, and special characters (at least 10 in total), and change them often.
Secure Your Computer
Turn on your firewall. Firewalls are the first line of defense against hackers and viruses. They stop connections to unknown or fake sites and keep some viruses and hackers out. Use software to stop viruses and malware Install anti-virus software on your computer and keep it up to date so that viruses can't get in.
Block Spyware Attacks
Put in anti-spyware software and keep it up-to-date to keep your computer free from spyware.
Be Social-Media Savvy
Set the privacy settings on all of your social media accounts (including Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, MSN, and so on).
Check Your Security Settings
Use carefully when posting information online. Once anything is uploaded to the Internet, it is there forever!
Secure Your Mobile Devices
Be conscious of the fact that your mobile device is susceptible to viruses and hackers. Download programs from reputable websites. Install the most recent system software updates. Maintain your operating system and programs (Windows, Mac, Linux) with the most recent system updates. Enable automatic upgrades to prevent attacks on outdated software.
Protect Your Data
Encrypt your most critical information, such as tax returns and financial documents. Make routine backups of all your critical data and store it in a separate location.
Secure Your Wireless Network
Wi-Fi (wireless) networks that are not properly secured are accessible to theft. Examine and change the default settings. Public Wi-Fi, popularly known as "Hot Spots," is also susceptible. Avoid engaging in financial or business transactions on these networks.
Protect Your e-Identity
Be careful of disclosing personal information such as your name, address, phone number, and financial details over the Internet. Ensure websites are secure (e.g., when making online purchases) and that privacy settings are enabled (e.g., while accessing/using social networking sites).
Avoid Being Scammed
Always consider the source of a link or file before clicking on it. Feel no pressure from any emails. Verify the origin of the message. If in doubt, confirm the source. Never respond to emails asking you to validate your information or user ID or password.
Call the Right Person for Help
Don't worry! If you are a victim, see unlawful content on the Internet (such as child exploitation), or suspect a computer crime, identity theft, or commercial scam, contact your local police. If you require assistance with computer maintenance or software installation, contact your service provider or a licensed computer technician.
Finally, conduct a security audit annually. This will guarantee that your network security is always up-to-date.
Your children's online activity should be monitored. They should only have access to a computer in a central area of your home, and you should monitor all browser and email activities frequently. Utilizing parental control software that restricts the types of websites a user can visit is prudent. Always monitor the sites that youngsters visit to prevent any form of depravity, distraction, or harassment. Inform the children of the dangers of cybercrime.